Southern Utah University professor of art Brian Hoover comes to Salt Lake's Contemporary Design & Art Gallery this month in his first Utah exhibit in five years. In this interview Hoover discusses some of the works he has brought up for the show and the process behind their creation. His exhibit is at the gallery through April.
Process Points Filling the Frame Mixed media works by Anthony Granato at the Utah Art Alliance by Sue Martin | photos by Jared Christensen
Most artists probably think about frames after they’ve completed their paintings. But not Anthony Granato. For him, the frame is a key part of his inspiration and creative process. In fact, he jokes, they speak to him, suggesting the perfect images from his storehouse of ideas.
If you go to see his work at Silver Queen Gallery in Park City, or in this month’s solo show at Utah Arts Alliance, you’ll understand the collaborative role the frame plays in Granato’s work. He described his creative process in a recent interview.
Granato clearly enjoys the hunt for frames – throughout the Intermountain West – and beyond. He finds them in antique shops, consignment and thrift stores. He leans toward the ornate, Victorian, Baroque, and Italianate frames; their dark and brooding style seems to fit his sometime dark and brooding take on the world around him.
“Usually, I have this large pile of frames and I start looking through them,” says Granato. “My girlfriend and I joke that the frames are talking to me.” One speaks, and he measures its dimensions, then sets it aside.
Granato then assembles a composition compatible with the frame. He usually begins with his own drawings and photographs, but as in some of the works at his current exhibit he also uses appropriated images.* He brings these into Photoshop and incorporates textural images, which he finds, for example, in tree bark and in the rusty automobiles in a friend’s auto graveyard. When he’s happy with the composition, he prints it on high quality photographic paper using a photographic process. He adheres the photograph to gatorboard and coats it with several layers of acrylic matt medium. This becomes his underpainting.
The images he uses are inspired by his view of the world around him – injustice, oppression, the way people watch too much television. Or he plays with visual dichotomies, juxtaposing images representing different ideas that don’t go together but somehow make a thought-provoking painting. He frequently incorporates a gas mask “because I like the concept of shielding yourself from poisons or anything negative around us,” he says.
When the matt medium-coated underpainting is dry, Granato begins layering color, starting with transparent acrylics used in a loose improvisational way. His final layer is oil paint, applied in a thicker, more realistic style to the area of focus in the painting. The completed painting is covered with a clear coat of Liquin, and it’s ready for the waiting frame.
Mixed media work is not new to Granato. He majored in illustration at Pacific Northwest College of Art in Portland, with a double minor in graphic design and painting. He then worked as an illustrator for about 15 years, often using mixed media processes when it fit the client’s needs. After leaving the design/illustration business behind and becoming a full-time fine artist, Granato played with and perfected the mixed media layering process he uses today.
Later this year, Granato hopes to take his hunt for frames to the East Coast, where he expects to find different styles, materials, and new inspiration for his next series of paintings.
Anthony Granato - New Works is at the Utah Arts Alliance through April 30. A reception will be held April 15, 6-9 pm. You can see more of the artist's work at anthonygranato.com.
*Do you know when appropriation is and isn't appropriate? In preparing this article for publication we discovered that our planned lead photograph, depicting the artist in his studio, also showed a painting that prominently uses an image appropriated from the work of local photographer Zuzanna Audette. Since Audette had not given permission for this usage we put the two artists in contact with each other to discuss the matter. We think the discussion -- about the aesthetic and legal ramifications of appropriation, fair use and copyright -- is one our entire community should engage in. We can begin on Saturday, April 9th at a free workshop provided by Utah Lawyers for the Arts at the Salt Lake Art Center. From 1-4 pm they will discuss Essential Law for Visual Artists. We will continue the discussion in 15 Bytes.
Hints 'n' Tips Get Organized Setting up plein air gear for success
by John Hughes
One thing that keeps coming up over and over in the painting classes I teach is how to set up your plein air gear. Let’s face it, plein air painting has its challenges, which range from heat, cold, bugs, rain, snow to curious onlookers. Couple that with clouds that come and go, creating changing shadows, and you have a situation that is challenging under the best of conditions. My question is, why make the job any harder than it already is? There are things we can’t control, like the afore-mentioned ones, and there are other things that are well within our grasp to control. So, with that in mind, think about organizing your stuff!
The first thing to consider, even before you get to the actual painting gear, is what you are wearing. The old saying, “dress for success,” is certainly true here. Dressing for the weather is a must, if you are going to be comfortable enough to produce a competent painting on location. In winter this might mean boots and long-johns, along with all the other clothing items. Dressing in layers is usually the smart move, since weather conditions can and will change even in the time it takes to paint your subject. Along with clothing, items like sunscreen and bug dope are a must. Out of all the painting challenges I have faced over the years, the one that was the most serious was the mosquitoes and no-seeums up in Alaska. I remember being so miserable on a couple of those paintings that I couldn’t even think straight, let alone get anything meaningful down on canvas. When all else fails, a head net might be just the thing to get you through the day.
After personal comfort, the next issue to get control of is how you set up your gear. As I teach in my classes and workshops, this seems to be the one area that gives students the most difficulty. Why this is, I have not figured out yet, but the following is a sampling of situations that have occurred over the years (although comical in nature, they point out some of the major pitfalls in setting up):
Arriving at student #1's easel. Teacher : “Where are your paper towels?” Student: “Oh, they are in my trunk, I’ll be right back.”
Student #2 -Teacher: “Where is your trash bag?” Student: “I don’t have it, do you want me to get one?”
Student #3: Teacher: “Do you have any brushes that have bristles still attached?” Student: “Why, what’s wrong with these?”
Student #4. Teacher: “You don’t have any colors out on your palette.” Student: “Which ones do you want me to get?” Teacher: “Well, I was thinking we might be able to mix something with red, yellow and blue plus white.”
Student #5. Teacher: “Where is your paint thinner”. Student: “Well, I don’t have any, do you want me to see if I can borrow some?"
You get the idea, my point is simply, let’s make life a little simpler out there. No one, not even a seasoned pro could paint a study given these self-imposed limitations. On top of that, how is the teacher supposed to help anyone in those situations?
So what is the answer? Organize your gear, everything you need to do the job has to be systematically laid out in front of you so that you know where it is, and it’s easily accessible. The more you have to fiddle around trying to locate needed tools, the less effective and slower you will be painting your picture. The actual task of completing a study in an hour or two is challenging enough without adding fuel to the fire!
I would suggest setting up your gear at home and making an honest assessment of where you stand in relation to readiness for the outdoors. Also, I suggest working with tissues rather than paper towels -- they don’t roll down mountains and there is not as much waste. A metal can for paint thinner is superior to a glass jar that is sure to break. Having an extra fuel container full of thinner will come in handy as you get low. A good sturdy easel is a must; practice setting it up indoors before trying it outside. Buy the best brushes you can afford, you don’t need a lot of them, but they should be in good shape. Securing your palette to your easel in some fashion will spare you major headaches when the wind kicks up.
Preparation is key, use your time wisely and your success rate in the field will improve. Until next time…
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