Visual Arts

Painterly Strategy

Water with Minvera’s Pieta by Ron Richmond

“We must all hang together, or we will all hang separately” Benjamin Franklin

In Utah, artists divide themselves into a variety of subcategories according to where they live, the mediums they use to make art, and their loyalties to various historical art movements. None of these choices is without controversy. One of the more interesting but less well-known choices is strategy, which explains many of the observable differences and some not-so-obvious distinctions between works that may hang side by side discordantly. Several recent exhibitions featuring particularly prolific, or at least active, painters point up some of their differences and some natural affinities between them. For whatever reasons, this fall season has seen some of the same painters appear at the Phillips, Palmer, and Saltgrass Galleries in Salt Lake, and at the Springville Museum, the Central Utah Art Center (CUAC), and Snow College’s Art Gallery further south.

The opportunity to see several works by the same artist in different contexts goes far toward revealing the individual strategies underlying the various results.Just what strategies are available to artists remains an open question. Indeed, the still inflammatory differences between traditional or conventional art and much (though by no means all) modern art are largely matters of strategy. According to one highly influential art historian, Ernst Gombrich, the story of art (which was the title of one of his books) is the story of mankind’s efforts to understand the mechanism of visual perception. Within this one unifying strategy he observed many tactics — from the invention of perspective and the grading of tonality to the study of underlying structure and physiognomy — that climaxed in the nineteenth century with the ability to render a convincing copy of the visual field. Since then, artists have searched for a new strategy, or strategies, with which to approach their easels. If Gombrich is right, the division in play between conservative and radical artists is that the former, to borrow the words of Mozart, don’t want to do it differently, but would rather do it better, while the latter are all searching as individuals to discover the new dominant strategy, or to lead, however briefly, the expedition to discover it, or at least to cast an historically memorable vote on the final direction.

Painting of Manti Temple by Carl Purcell

Transcendent by Carl Purcell at Palmers Gallery

Carl Purcell is a conservative artist. At Palmers Gallery his landscapes hang comfortably (and almost too closely) interleaved with those of Candace Rideout. At the CUAC’s invitational Frames of Reference: Images of the Manti Temple, his painterly portrait, a convincing likeness on which brush strokes and other mannerisms are visible but not obtrusive, shows the building from an angle that omits other structures, allowing it to appear to exist outside time. Except for the personal mannerisms, which compare to handwriting, there is little to distinguish it objectively from another image hanging a few feet away. Purcell approaches the visible world less as a collection of interesting objects to render and more as a collection of boundaries that demarcate spiritually plangent spaces. A church interior and a stony desert landscape are capable of saying the same thing to him. “Transcendent,” at Palmers, is a bit of a departure for him, but only a bit. The stone, which he owns, is separated from its source in a sacred landscape by a scrap of cloth, thereby contrasting durable and ephemeral, revealing and concealing, self-possessed and conforming qualities. In action, Purcell approaches places that resonate for him, chooses whether they would be better represented in watercolor or oil, and attempts to capture their visual likeness in a way that pleases the eye’s hunger for poise, revelation, and the interaction of exotic and familiar sights.


Robe No. 6 by Ron Richmond at Snow College

Like Carl Purcell, Ron Richmond paints a range of optical facts that add up to a convincing visual impression. He does not, though, approach things as found, or anything he finds with the thought that if he finds the right point of view his major choice is made. Instead, Richmond actually builds his subjects. For his piece in Snow College’s 24/7 show, in which the school’s faculty executes works in public over 24 hours, he constructed a wooden framework that he edited out while painting, over which he draped a piece of cloth suggesting a Biblical garment worn by a body of pure light. It’s one of a half-dozen or so exercises — one might call them formulas — that he repeats in a tactical search to see how paint, through ever more convincing representation of the visible, can generate a feeling for the invisible and ineffable. A recent addition to his repertoire, visible recently at Snow College and currently at Springville, where he took first prize, is so carefully structured as to be almost mechanical. In these works, he selects a portion of an older painting that appeals to him and copies it. He then places sympathetic subjects in front of his copy — ceramic bowls and vessels containing various fluids, for example — and transfers their likenesses onto the canvas behind them. At the CUAC his contribution, apparently one of few painted specifically for this show (painting for a specific purpose is another strategic device some painters exploit and others require) places glass and water in front of part of Minerva Teichert’s mural decoration of the World Room. It’s the only one of two-dozen works that directly refers to the Temple’s interior.

Unique by Scott Allred

Frames of Reference
 at the CUAC was curated by Lee Udall Bennion, a widely-admired, predominantly figurative painter recently seen in Utah ’08 at the Rio Gallery, and Kathleen Peterson, whose wide range of subjects and appropriate choices of medium can be seen at Phillips Gallery. They invited disparate artists to respond to a single subject, which offers a good chance to compare them directly. Scott Allred, who replaced Carl Purcell as Snow College’s painting professor, is a less spontaneous painter. Where Purcell is at his liveliest working in watercolor, suggesting the momentary play of light on a scene, Allred meticulously dissects ephemeral visual impressions in search of the timeless principles that lie beneath. Like many of the works around it, his intaglio, titled “Unique,” shows the Temple surrounded by natural vegetation, but his sparse elements — sagebrush and an elevated line of sight — recall the continuity of sacred impulses shared by the sites historical denizens.

Manti Circa 1900 by Sophie Soprano

Almost none of these works engages the Temple in its context as one of several hundred buildings that together make up the town of Manti. The one that appears to do so is Sophie Soprano’s historical fantasy, reminiscent of one of Thomas Hart Benton’s compendiums of particular American cultures. It’s a deliberate approximation, as delightfully imaginative, but also imaginary, as a Hollywood pastiche. One imagines a musical soundtrack in which the happy villagers burst into spontaneous song. The one image that unambiguously places the Temple in its modern setting is Kelly Brooks’ “Demolition Derby w/Temple,” in which it dominates the background behind the Sanpete County Fair’s demolition derby. Brooks, whose affinity for the church that built the Temple is well known, has adapted her painting strategy over five years or so away from toxics-heavy oils and toward safer materials that are more generally associated with drawing. At the 24/7show her bravura, contour drawing-inspired, swirling 3 — D action diagrams continue to explore territory that is hers alone.|7| Juxtaposing them with an accelerated video image of the drawings’ subjects, the artist’s family, helps viewers connect the colorful drawings to their source and better appreciate their considerable, colorful virtues. “Post Nap Kitchen Clean” exploits some of the tricks she’s learned, like prominent drawing and thin layers of paint, which add aesthetic clout to the contemporary feel of her presentation. She probably intends — in any case would not object to — a reading of the image that acknowledges how despite the transformation of modern society the Temple remains a valid and meaningful figurehead in its community.

Demolition Derby with Temple by Kelly Brooks

Post Nap Kitchen Clean by Kelly Brooks

A reading of her work that Brooks probably would not support would equate the Manti Temple to a hood ornament instead of a figurehead. Interpretations of a work of art say more about the viewer than the maker, but it’s not doing any violence to the Temple to note that the society that created it has seen its creative powers fall off considerably. As the American automobile industry struggles to survive, the once-trivial demolition derby acquires powerful symbolic force. Looking around the Temple, not at (NAME’S) bucolic vision but at the wreckage of Brigham Young’s plan for boulevards and quarter-block farms, it’s possible to see the Temple as a place apart: a repository of architectural scripture in which is inscribed the best nonverbal expression of what previous generations aspired to say about themselves. As such, there is irony in any attempt to place it symbolically alongside the present generation’s conflicted, stressful, and often seemingly heedless life’s choices.

Neither of the two artists who undertake incisive contemporary statements about the Temple is a painter. It would be inappropriate to suggest here that there is anything impious in either, but both risk misunderstanding thereby. Adam Larsen (a former supervisor of this writer) is well known for his interest in children’s imaginative lives and their tireless attempts to build a working image of the real world from playthings. In 24/7 he represents the importance of these efforts with imposingly large-scale images of his children’s toys, blown up like so many of James Rosenquist’s subjects, but rendered roughly to capture their contingent relationship to the child’s efforts to comprehend and assign proportions.

Sweet Nuptials by Adam Larsen

His contribution to Frames of Reference is a print that uses separate layers in contrasting colors to distinguish two levels of unreality. In one, he draws the Temple precisely while rendering it in a manner that idealizes it. Equally unreal, figures in the foreground represent a bride and groom exchanging candy. Larsen always has a point, which in this case is the gateway role of marriage, and thereby of the church’s negotiations, in granting access to life’s “candy:” the adult favors and status markers that follow. A related polychrome print in Cinco de Saltgrass, the independent press’s annual, invitational exhibit, titled Party Favor depicts a fantasia on the popular toy in which a hand-held sculpture collapses when a hidden button is pushed. In Larsen’s version, the subject is a two-headed, political animal with a red elephant’s head on one end and a blue donkey’s head on the other. Each head is, of course, the other’s rear end. Humor and play are not the same thing, but without playfulness there’s no way to get the joke.

Trimming the Fat by Amy Jorgensen

The one piece that seems to tackle the Temple’s status directly is by Snow Photography professor Amy Jorgensen. Photography is a victim of its own success, and most photographs are clichés, not art. Jorgensen’s collection of candid portraits in the 24/7show will likely go from popular journalism to historical document without penetrating the domain of art very deeply. Nearby, though, she foregoes the strategy of point-and-shoot for an image she, like Richmond, created solely in order to represent it. “Trimming the Fat” may well be the only artwork in the state of Utah to do justice to the stupidity, ideological partisanship, and plain cruelty of the State’s decision, in the face of the universally acknowledged example of Herbert Hoover and the Great Depression, to balance the budget in the face of unprecedented fiscal crisis. She is equally honest, if a bit more scintillatingly ambiguous, in her treatment of the Temple. Where others aim their sights at the actual building, virtually guaranteeing some attenuation of the force of the original, she offers a stand-in: an inexpensive ceramic copy that might adorn a knickknack shelf or a wedding cake. Placed under a glass bell, it articulates the rupture between the Temple, whether as a holy place or a historical relic, and the world that surrounds but fails to contain it.

For Your Enjoyment and Inspiration by Amy Jorgensen

Plato argues that all works of representational art misrepresent their subjects: that a copy of something real is doubly removed from the idea that inspired the real thing. Whether they agree or not, artists who attempt to make copies of visible things undertake one or another strategy aimed at getting as close as possible to thing or idea. Understanding those strategies can help understand and appreciate their larger, further purposes.

Categories: Visual Arts

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